How Solar Photovoltaics Work
The word photovoltaic is the Greek word meaning light and power. The Photovoltaic process converts light directly into electricity. This is done using positive and negatively charged particles and a semi-conductor material. When sunlight is absorbed through the semiconductor the particles are excited and begin to move, this creates a magnetic field and the energy is released.
A solar panel begins with the production of a cell which is doped with positively and negatively charged particles. Multiple rows of cells are placed onto a panel and connected in series which increases the amount of energy each row can output. The cells are then sealed between a reflective backing material and a sheet of tempered anti-reflective glass.
Converting solar energy to AC so that it is compatible with homes and businesses has been done with the use of string inverters for years. String inverters are durable, efficient and long lasting proven technology.